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Logical positivism (later and more accurately called logical empiricism) is a school of philosophy that combines empiricism, the idea that observational evidence is indispensable for knowledge of the world, with a version of rationalism, the idea that our knowledge includes a component that is not derived from observation. Logical positivism, later called logical empiricism, and both of which together are also known as neopositivism, was a movement in Western philosophy whose central thesis was the verification principle (also known as the verifiability criterion of meaning). Nonlinguistic Empiricism 347 Reason and Perception In Defense of … The logical positivists accepted the logical atomist conception of philosophy as … Logical positivism and the Vienna Circle are almost synonymous. Logical Positivism and the Mind-Body Problem 263 Jaegwon Kim VI. Synonymous expressions include "consistent empiricism," "logical empiricism," "scientific empiricism," and "logical neo-positivism." LOGICAL POSITIVISM is the name given in 1931 by A. E. Blumberg and Herbert Feigl to a set of philosophical ideas put forward by the Vienna circle. This theory of knowledge asserted that only statements verifiable through direct observation or logical proof are meaningful. The Vienna Circle grew in strength throughout the 1920s, attracting philosophers such as Rudolf Carnap, Friedrich Waismann, and Otto Neurath and mathematicians and scientists such as Kurt Gödel and Hans Hahn. Logical positivism was developed in the early 1920s by a group of Austrian intellectuals, mostly scientists and mathematicians, who named their association the Wiener Kreis (Vienna Circle). Berlin who formed the Vienna circle into the doctrine known as logical positivism, they used formal logic to und erpin an empiricist account of our knowledge of the wo rld, they Scientific Rationality 279 Kinds of Probabilism 281 Maria'CarlaGalavotti Smooth Lines in Confirmation Theory: Carnap, Hempel, and the Moderns 304 MartinCarrier Changing Conceptions of Rationality: From Logical Empiricism to Postpositivism 325 Garol Irzik VII. Among its members were Moritz Schlick, the founder of the Vienna Circle, Rudolf Carnap, the leading exponent of logical positivism, Hans Reichenbach, the founder of the Berlin Circle, Alfred Jules Ayer, Herbert Feigl, Philipp Frank, Kurt Grelling, Hans Hahn, Carl Gustav Hempel, Victor Kraft, Otto Neurath, and Friedrich Waismann.

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