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Visitor No : 1305980. [46], The rural areas of Purba Bardhaman district are flooded frequently and that affects health. Archaeological excavations at Pandu Rajar Dhibi have indicated settlements in the Ajay valley in the Mesolithic age, around 5,000 BC. dm-bar-wb@nic.in: 033 25523662, 033 25846202 0033 25626177: 033 2584 6204: Paschim Bardhaman: Shri Purnendu Kr. On the southern part is the Khandaghosh Plain. Ausgram. [47], Khandaghosh (SC), located in Purba Bardhaman district, is part of Bishnupur (Lok Sabha constituency) with six other assembly segments in Bankura district. Irrigation and intensive cropping pattern provided the real momentum to agriculture. Some blocks near the Bhagirathi have been facing the problem of arsenic contamination in ground water. [26], The Bardhaman-Katwa line, after conversion from narrow gauge to electrified broad gauge, was opened to the public on 12 January 2018. [32][31] More than 6,000 schools (in erstwhile Bardhaman district) serve cooked midday meal to more than 900,000 students. During the Mughal rule, its name used to be Sharifabad. Ola's bike service is also active in the city. Population below 6 years was 509,855. The undivided Bardhaman district was the largest producer of rice in West Bengal, and bulk of it was produced in what is now Purba Bardhaman district. [33], The infrastructure available is an important element in the education arena. Bardhaman also called Burdwan, or Barddhaman - a major communications centre located on the banks of the Damodar River, the town of Bardhaman is the district headquarters. [1]Purba means east. [45], The district had 4,360 hospital beds. Since it is an agro-based area, it has many rice mills. There also were Sanskrit tols, Persian and Arabic schools. [31], The box alongside provides information about educational facilities in Purba Bardhaman district, subsequent to bifurcation of the district in 2017, with data for 2013-2014. [17], Purba Bardhaman is an agriculturally prosperous district of West Bengal. The district utilises both surface water and groundwater for irrigation. Mahatabchand was appointed additional member of the Viceroy’s Executive Council and in 1877 was allowed to use the title of His Highness before his name. At the time of the Permanent Settlement of Lord Cornwallis in 1793, the chaklas were reduced in size, in order to make them more manageable, and districts were created. There is a Nangteswar Shiva fair during Maha Shivaratri at Babladihi. [6][7], Purba Bardhaman district has a tropical climate - hot and humid. The ashram at Madhaitala has links with Jagai and Madhai, two famous disciples of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. [18], At the time of bifurcation of Bardhaman district in 2017, the mining and industrial areas of the district were placed in Paschim Bardhaman district and the Purba Bardhaman district was composed of rural/ agricultural areas. [15], The common aquatic or marsh weeds found in jheels (lakes) and swamps of the eastern part of the district (in the Bhagirathi Basin) are: bena (andropogon squarrosos), water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), padma (nelumbo nucifera), hogla (Typha domingensis) etc. [46], The last delimitation of electoral constituencies in West Bengal was done in 2006,[47] The last general election for Lok Sabha was held in 2019 and for Vidhan Sabha in 2016. Health for all, the clarion call of world bodies, still remains to be achieved. Sree Gouranga Mandir is believed to have been visited by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Later, Jahanabad was transferred out of Bardhaman. [1], After the victory of the British in the Battle of Plassey in 1757, Bardhaman, Medinipur and Chittagong were ceded to the East India Company. [18], The year 1953 was a major turning point for agriculture in the district. [9][10], In the 2011 census, Bardhaman Urban Agglomeration had a population of 347,016, out of which 177,055 were males and 169,961 were females. Dr. Asok Mitra had listed 369 fairs in Bardhaman district and Dr. Gopikanta Konar had listed 482 fairs. [42], Purba Bardhaman district had rich religious traditions. DM Office Purba Bardhaman. Vaisnava poets and saints such as Krishnadasa Kaviraja, author of Chaitanya Charitamrita, Brindabandas, Lochandas and Jnandas were born in this district. 2014-2020Disclaimer Bardhaman also called Burdwan, or Barddhaman - a major communications centre located on the banks of the Damodar River, the town of Bardhaman is the district headquarters. [34]Burdwan Raj College was established at Bardhaman in 1881. The temple of Sddheswari Ambika, the presiding goddess, and Baikunthanath Shiva temple, are notable for their terracotta decorations. Kalna, is another place with Vaishanavism associations. In Ain-i-Akbari, Bardhaman is mentioned as a mahal or pargana of Sarcar Sharifabad. The history of Burdwan is known from about 5000 BC (the Mesolithic or Late Stone Age). At Kaigram Kusumgram, Neredighi and Suata, Urs of a Pir is celebrated with fairs in the Bengali month of Falgun. [3][4], Bardhaman district was bifurcated into two districts, Purba Bardhaman and Paschim Bardhman, on 7 April 2017. The University of Burdwan was formally inaugurated on 15 June 1960 by Sukumar Sen, its first Vice-chancellor. A fair is organised during Bhadu Utsab in the Bengali month of Bhadro at Sitahati in Ketugram PS. Subsequently, during the reign of Alivardi Khan, the Bargis attacked and plundered Bardhaman. Bijoy Chand Mahatab was conferred the title of Maharajadhiraj by Lord Minto in 1908. The Rays went on to rule Bardhaman till 1955. The chief educational institution was the Burdwan Raj College, which was entirely supported out of the maharaja's estate. Some western parts of Bardhaman formed Gopbhum, ruled for many centuries by the Sadgop kings. This, coupled with the initiative of the then Chief Minister of West Bengal, Bidhan Chandra Roy, facilitated the establishment of this university. During the period of Jahangir this place was named Badh-e-dewan (district capital). [7] The society at large also continued to gain the fruits. Batukeshwar Dutt an Indian revolutionary and independence fighter in the early 1900s was born on 18 November 1910 in a village Oari in Burdwan district. The religion related institutions draw in large number of pilgrims/ tourists. The region has an average elevation of 40 metres (131 ft). Purba Bardhaman district is a flat alluvial plain area that can be divided into four prominent topographical regions. He is best known for having exploded a few bombs, along with Bhagat Singh, in the Central Legislative Assembly in New Delhi on 8 April 1929. Cycle rickshaws and E-Rickshaws (Toto) are available for travel within the city. The chief rivers are the Damodar and the Banka.[8]. The undivided Bardhaman district topped the state with maximum irrigated land. [48], The Bardhaman Purba (Lok Sabha constituency) with its seven assembly segments - Raina (SC), Jamalpur (SC), Kalna (SC), Memari, Purbasthali Dakshin, Purbasthali Uttar and Katwa – is located in Purba Bardhaman district. Bardhaman (/ ˈ b ɔːr d ə ˌ m ɑː n /, Bengali: [ˈbɔrˌdʱo.man]) is a city and a municipality in the state of West Bengal, India.It is the headquarters of Purba Bardhaman district, having become a district capital during the period of British rule. The first epigraphic reference to the name of this place occurs in a 6th-century AD copper plate found in Mallasarul village under Galsi Police Station. Bardhaman also has a number of Bengali Christians, and although they are a minority, there are many churches in the city. The parganas were converted to thanas (police stations).

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