, Variations of Echinocereus reichenbachii include E. reichenbachii var. Nearly 50 species of hedgehog cactus are native to the Southwest, including Texas, New Mexico, and Mexico. flowers vary from pink to magenta. this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. This broke with the long-standing botanical tradition to use the earliest known name, but because Terscheck's description was lacking and possibly referred to as many as a dozen species, his binomial was supplanted by Haage's. , E. reichenbachii's native habitat includes the entirety of the Chihuahuan Desert and its nearby grasslands, as well as in woodlands of oak and juniper.  It is one of the smaller Echinocereus species. Stems 14 inches thick, 2 feet long. Southern Living is part of the Meredith Home Group. Hedgehog cacti are usually cylindroid and many-stemmed and are often soft-bodied. , "Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. blanckii (Poselg.) Large (4 inches.)  Fruits are various shades of green and 15 to 28 millimetres (0.59 to 1.10 in) long. Zones US, MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 6-11. Hedgehog cactus, (genus Echinocereus ), genus of about 60 species of cacti (family Cactaceae ), native from central Mexico to the western United States. New stems... cream lace cactus. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. Genus. , Plants flower in early May and late June, and they fruit 6 to 10 weeks after flowering. Omissions? Areoles are elliptical or oval. albispinus, E. reichenbachii subsp. Purplish pink, 3 inches flowers with darker throat.  The stems are dark green and obscured by the spines, especially when the plant is dehydrated. This cactus earned the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.  Flowers open for just one day, but anthesis is usually staggered so plants have blooming flowers for a full week; buds are covered in white wool that hides the fruit as it develops. The first part of the genus name Echinocereus is coming from the Greek for 'hedgehog', while the second part 'cereus' comes from the Latin for 'large candle'. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.  Destruction of habitat, over-collecting, and livestock grazing have all contributed to its endangered status. The stems are dark green and often obscured by the spines, which range from tan, brown, black, or pink, and the tips are usually darker than the shaft. claret-cup cactus.  It has been listed as endangered since 1979. The species is native to the Chihuahuan Desert and parts of northern Mexico and the southern United States, where they grow at elevations up to 1,500 meters (4,900 ft).  Common names include Lace hedgehog cactus, Lace cactus, Lace hedgehog, Purple candle, and Órgano-pequeño de colores. Haage – Berlandier's hedgehog cactus P. Variety Echinocereus berlandieri (Engelm.) Stems 1 inches thick, 1 feet long; forms a clump 2 feet wide. The spines are tan, to brown, black, purplish black, or pink, and the tips are usually darker than the shaft. Learn how to season this Southern kitchen staple in five easy steps. reichenbachii. albertii (commonly called the Black Lace cactus) is a federally listed endangered species of the United States that is endemic to Texas. , Despite the early indication of a naming error, Engelmann's binomial was used to describe the plant until 1893, when F.A. Direct children include E. reichenbachii var. , E. reichenbachii var. Populations of E. reichenbachii var. ‘Tis the season to ditch your all-white palette in favor of something a little bolder and brighter.  The specific epithet honors the German botanist Ludwig Reichenbach. The spine-bearing tubercles are joined to one another and form ribs. Fourn. Slender, 1 inches flowers are yellowish green with a lemon scent; remain nearly closed day and night. During the years 1848 to 1856, George Engelmann made extensive studies of a plant he named Echinocereus caespitosus. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).  In the United States, E. reichenbachii is native to Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, and Nebraska. Importance of Hedgehog Cactus. – hedgehog cactus. The areoles are elliptical or oval, with seven to 36 spines each. E. reichenbachii are cold and heat tolerant, and prefer dry, well-drained soils near rock outcroppings. Dense clump, up to 3 feet wide, sometimes with hundreds of 2- to 3 inches-diameter stems to a foot tall. , Propagation is facilitated by seeds collected as the fruits begin to dry. Hedgehog cactus, (genus Echinocereus), genus of about 60 species of cacti (family Cactaceae), native from central Mexico to the western United States. Clumps 12 feet tall, 3 feet wide, with 3- to 4 inches-thick stems. All have cylindrical, ribbed stems in clumps; showy flowers in spring to early summer; and fleshy fruit that is edible in some species. Family. albertii, E. reichenbachii var. Forms colonies 3 feet wide. They grown at elevations up to 1,500 meters (4,900 ft). The tube hairs are 5 to 15 millimetres (0.20 to 0.59 in) long, and the nectar chamber is 2 to 5 millimetres (0.079 to 0.197 in) deep. fitchii, E. reichenbachii var. , In 1843, German botanist Carl Adolf Terscheck named a specimen of cactus collected in Mexico Echinocactus reichenbachii, but his description was incomplete and proved unhelpful to later scholars. The trendy haircuts you’ll be seeing everywhere next year. © Copyright 2020 Meredith Corporation. Plant in masses for best effect. baileyi, E. reichenbachii var.  Plants are solitary or multi-branched in clusters of as many as twelve, with erect stems with 10 to 19 slightly undulate ribs. Echinocereus is a genus of ribbed, usually small to medium-sized, cylindrical cacti, comprising about 70 species native to the southern United States and Mexico in very sunny, rocky places. Caryophyllales. The Plants Database includes the following 28 species of Echinocereus . There are up to 7 central spines per areole; they are 1 to 6 millimetres (0.039 to 0.236 in) long. Usually the flowers are large and the fruit edible. Blooms come in red, yellow, purple, pink, or white and have many rows of petals; they typically close at night. Southern Living is a registered trademark of, These Haircuts Are Going To Be Huge in 2021, 140 Thanksgiving Side Dishes That’ll Steal the Show, 7 Paint Colors We’re Loving for Kitchen Cabinets in 2020, 50 Books Everyone Should Read in Their Lifetime.
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