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Filed Under: Chemistry, Class 11, Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Principles and Techniques Tagged With: characteristics of homologous series, homologous series, homologues, homology. Homologous Series and its Characteristics with Examples - … (ii) All compounds in the series can be represented by one general formula, e.g., the homologous series of monohydric alcohols can be represented by the general formula C n H 2n+1 OH. 6) The chemical properties of the members of homologous series are similar though the first member may vary considerably from rest of the members. Your email address will not be published. 2) All the members of a given homologous series possess the same functional group. Get Tyrocity mobile app for your Android device, Address: ChadaniChowk, Tyanglaphat, Kritipur, Nepal, © TyroCity.com 2012-2020 All rights reserved. The members of a particular homologous series have almost same chemical properties due to presence of same functional group. Their condensed structural formulas are given below: Methane - CH4 2. 7. Tyrocity.com envisions the education system of the country to be redefined through active engagement, discussions, required assistance and by bringing the right information to your fingertips. -OH group. These hydrocarbons can be represented by the same general formula CnH2n+2 Where n is the number of carbon atoms. Carbon chains of varying length have been observed in organic compounds having the same general formula. OH , we get a new homologous series. A homologous series is defined as a family or group of structurally similar organic compounds all the members of which contain the same functional group, Show a gradation in physical and similarity in chemical properties and any two adjacent members of which differ by a -CH2 group. 6. 4) The individual members of a homologous series can be prepared by the general methods of preparation developed for that series. The difference between two consecutive members in their composition is –CH2unit. For Ex:The functional group of alcohols is the hydroxyl group i.e. You can follow and Like us on following social media.Website - http://ekeeda.comParent Channel - https://www.youtube.com/c/ekeedaFacebook - https://www.facebook.com/ekeedaTwitter - https://twitter.com/Ekeeda_VideoLinkedIn- https://www.linkedin.com/company-beta/13222723/Instgram - https://www.instagram.com/ekeeda_/Pinterest - https://in.pinterest.com/ekeedavideoYou can reach us at care@ekeeda.comHappy Learning : ) The members of a series have same functional group. Characteristics of homologous series: 1. Last Updated on March 20, 2019 By Mrs Shilpi Nagpal 2 Comments. 3. (iii) Their physical properties such as melting point, boiling point, density, generally show a gradual change with increase of molecular formula in the series. Characteristics of a Homologous series 1) Each homologous series can be represented by a general formula. All the organic compounds have been divided into different families or group depending upon their structure and chemical properties. (ii) They have the same functional group. 4. Each member of a homologous series is known as homologue and this phenomenon is called homology. Four characteristics of a homologous series are: (i) The general formula of all compounds in the series is the same. 1) Each homologous series can be represented by a general formula. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Homologous series is defined as a systematic order of organic compounds having same functional group that can be represented by same general formula and prepared by same method. The members of a homologous series can be represented by same general formula. The first member of homologous series generally shows certain different chemical behavior than other members of the series. Author of this website, Mrs Shilpi Nagpal is MSc (Hons, Chemistry) and BSc (Hons, Chemistry) from Delhi University, B.Ed (I. P. University) and has many years of experience in teaching. For Ex:The functional group of alcohols is the hydroxyl group i.e. Let us consider members of alkanes given in Table 11.1. Homologous series is a series of compounds with similar chemical properties and some functional group differing from the successive member by CH 2. Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Principles and Techniques, Economics Chapter 1 Development – Notes & Study Material, Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries – Notes & Study Material. Any two adjacent members of this class differ by a CH2 group. ChadaniChowk, Tyanglaphat, Kritipur, Nepal. 2. 5. 2) All the members of a given homologous series possess the same functional group. 3) The successive members of a homologous series differ by a -CH2 group. Two consecutive members of a homologous series differs each other in their composition by –CH. 1. The physical properties(like solubility, melting point, boiling point, state) of members of a homologous series either gradually increase or decrease with increase in molecular mass. -CHO group. Homologous series helps in determination of structure of the successive member of the series and the property of that members can also be predicted by their series. The members of a series have same functional group. The functional group of ketones is the ketonic group i.e -CO group. -OH group. The general formula of this homologous series is CnH2n+1OH. She has started this educational website with the mindset of spreading Free Education to everyone. The general characteristics of a homologous series are: (i) All compounds in the series are composed of the same elements and contain the same functional group. This homologous series is called, The general formula of this homologous series is C, 3) The successive members of a homologous series differ by a -CH. Homologous Series and its Characteristics with Examples Video Lecture from Basic Principles and Techniques in Organic Chemistry Chapter of Chemistry Class 11 for HSC, IIT JEE, CBSE \u0026 NEET.Android Application - https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=student.ekeeda.com.ekeeda_student\u0026hl=enAccess the Complete Playlist of Chapter Basic Principles and Techniques in Organic Chemistry - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLufui6SrOPupcq5Mp6s9fPPqqlALp7qAaAccess the Complete Playlist of Subject Chemistry Class 11 - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLm_MSClsnwm8IZSj7AVFqQqBtCgGe3Ak6#HomologousSeriesanditsCharacteristicswithExamples#BasicPrinciplesandTechniquesinOrganicChemistry #ChemistryClass11#ChemistryClass11JEE#ChemistryClass11lectures#OnlineFYJCVideoLectures#OnlineVideoLectures#EkeedaOnlineLectures#EkeedaVideoLectures#EkeedaVideoTutorialBasic Principles and Techniques in Organic Chemistry Chemistry Class 11Chemistry Class 11 LecturesThanks For Watching.

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characteristics of homologous series class 11

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